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  • In classical mythology, Cupid is the sum of the goddess of love and beauty Venus and the god of war Mars. The Romans believed the cherub chased his mother’s wishes to make people fall in love. With his bow, Cupid encouraged professions of romantic love between individuals in the name of the all-powerful goddess Venus.

    The legend of Cupid became synonymous with Valentine’s Day. Some believe that birds paired during this date, during the Middle Ages, and connected it to Saint Valentine. The myth of Saint Valentine stretches back to the 5th century, but its connection to romance first appeared in a Chaucer poem in the 14th century. In Parliament of Fowls, he wrote, “For this was on Saint Valentine’s Day, when every bird comes there to choose his mate.” This period in Europe inspired stories, comedies, poems about romantic love. He and other writers praised romance between lovers who could never marry, spurring lovesick nobles to write poems known as “valentines” to their love interests.